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    IRAQ............

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    anas~love
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    IRAQ............

    Post by anas~love on Sun Jun 01, 2008 4:51 am

    Background: Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq became an independent kingdom in 1932. A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of military strongmen have ruled the country since then, the latest being SADDAM Husayn. Territorial disputes with Iran led to an inconclusive and costly eight-year war (1980-1988). In August 1990 Iraq seized Kuwait, but was expelled by US-led, UN coalition forces during January-February 1991. The victors did not occupy Iraq, however, thus allowing the regime to stay in control. Following Kuwait's liberation, the UN Security Council (UNSC) required Iraq to scrap all weapons of mass destruction and long-range missiles and to allow UN verification inspections. UN trade sanctions remain in effect due to incomplete Iraqi compliance with relevant UNSC resolutions.
    Iraq Geography 2000

    Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait

    Geographic coordinates: 33 00 N, 44 00 E

    Map references: Middle East

    Area:
    total: 437,072 sq km
    land: 432,162 sq km
    water: 4,910 sq km

    Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of Idaho

    Land boundaries:
    total: 3,631 km
    border countries: Iran 1,458 km, Jordan 181 km, Kuwait 242 km, Saudi Arabia 814 km, Syria 605 km, Turkey 331 km

    Coastline: 58 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: not specified
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: mostly desert; mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq

    Terrain: mostly broad plains; reedy marshes along Iranian border in south with large flooded areas; mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
    highest point: Haji Ibrahim 3,600 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur

    Land use:
    arable land: 12%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 9%
    forests and woodland: 0%
    other: 79% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 25,500 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: dust storms, sandstorms, floods

    Environment - current issues: government water control projects have drained most of the inhabited marsh areas east of An Nasiriyah by drying up or diverting the feeder streams and rivers; a once sizable population of Shi'a Muslims, who have inhabited these areas for thousands of years, has been displaced; furthermore, the destruction of the natural habitat poses serious threats to the area's wildlife populations; inadequate supplies of potable water; development of Tigris-Euphrates Rivers system contingent upon agreements with upstream riparian Turkey; air and water pollution; soil degradation (salination) and erosion; desertification

    Environment - international agreements:
    party to: Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban
    signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
    Iraq People 2000


    Population: 22,675,617 (July 2000 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 42% (male 4,860,795; female 4,708,453)
    15-64 years: 55% (male 6,272,842; female 6,123,188)
    65 years and over: 3% (male 331,840; female 378,499) (2000 est.)

    Population growth rate: 2.86% (2000 est.)

    Birth rate: 35.04 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)

    Death rate: 6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)

    Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2000 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 62.49 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 66.53 years
    male: 65.54 years
    female: 67.56 years (2000 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 4.87 children born/woman (2000 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Iraqi(s)
    adjective: Iraqi

    Ethnic groups: Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%

    Religions: Muslim 97% (Shi'a 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%

    Languages: Arabic, Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 58%
    male: 70.7%
    female: 45% (1995 est.)
    Iraq Government 2000

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Republic of Iraq
    conventional short form: Iraq
    local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Iraqiyah
    local short form: Al Iraq

    Data code: IZ

    Government type: republic

    Capital: Baghdad

    Administrative divisions: 18 provinces (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Anbar, Al Basrah, Al Muthanna, Al Qadisiyah, An Najaf, Arbil, As Sulaymaniyah, At Ta'mim, Babil, Baghdad, Dahuk, Dhi Qar, Diyala, Karbala', Maysan, Ninawa, Salah ad Din, Wasit

    Independence: 3 October 1932 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)

    National holiday: Anniversary of the Revolution, 17 July (1968)

    Constitution: 22 September 1968, effective 16 July 1970 (provisional constitution); new constitution drafted in 1990 but not adopted

    Legal system: based on Islamic law in special religious courts, civil law system elsewhere; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President SADDAM Husayn (since 16 July 1979); Vice President Taha Muhyi al-Din MARUF (since 21 April 1974); Vice President Taha Yasin RAMADAN (since 23 March 1991)
    head of government: Prime Minister SADDAM Husayn (since 29 May 1994); Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Mikhail AZIZ (since NA 1979); Deputy Prime Minister Taha Yasin RAMADAN (since NA May 1994); Deputy Prime Minister Muhammad Hamza al-ZUBAYDI (since NA May 1994)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers
    note: there is also a Revolutionary Command Council or RCC (Chairman SADDAM Husayn, Vice Chairman Izzat IBRAHIM al-Duri) which controls the ruling Ba'th Party, and is the most powerful political entity in the country
    elections: president and vice presidents elected by a two-thirds majority of the Revolutionary Command Council; election last held 17 October 1995 (next to be held NA 2002)
    election results: SADDAM Husayn reelected president; percent of vote - 99%; Taha Muhyi al-Din MARUF and Taha Yasin RAMADAN elected vice presidents; percent of vote - NA

    Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-Watani (250 seats; 30 appointed by the president to represent the three northern provinces of Dahuk, Arbil, and As Sulaymaniyah; 220 elected by popular vote; members serve four-year terms)
    elections: last held 24 March 1996 (next to be held NA March 2000)
    election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA

    Judicial branch: Court of Cassation

    Political parties and leaders: Ba'th Party [SADDAM Husayn, central party leader]

    Political pressure groups and leaders: any formal political activity must be sanctioned by the government; opposition to regime from Kurdish groups and southern Shi'a dissidents

    International organization participation: ABEDA, ACC, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-19, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO

    Diplomatic representation in the US: none; note - Iraq has an Interest Section in the Algerian Embassy headed by Mr. Akram AL DOURI; address: Iraqi Interests Section, Algerian Embassy, 2118 Kalorama Road NW, Washington, DC 20008; telephone: [1] (202) 265-2800; FAX: [1] (202) 667-2174

    Diplomatic representation from the US: none; note - the US has an Interests Section in the Polish Embassy in Baghdad; address: P. O. Box 2051 Hay Babel, Baghdad; telephone: [964] (1) 718-9267; FAX: [964] (1) 718-9297

    Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black with three green five-pointed stars in a horizontal line centered in the white band; the phrase ALLAHU AKBAR (God is Great) in green Arabic script - Allahu to the right of the middle star and Akbar to the left of the middle star - was added in January 1991 during the Persian Gulf crisis; similar to the flag of Syria which has two stars but no script and the flag of Yemen which has a plain white band; also similar to the flag of Egypt which has a symbolic eagle centered in the white band




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    Taha_11_vengeance
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    Re: IRAQ............

    Post by Taha_11_vengeance on Sun Jun 01, 2008 5:07 pm

    THATS VERY NICE
    THANK YOU BRO ANAS

    ***********IRAQ*************
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    anas~love
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    Re: IRAQ............

    Post by anas~love on Sun Jun 01, 2008 5:22 pm

    dont thanx bro the IRAQ is me 2 home and i love alll
    السنه العراقيه وبس cheers
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    Taha_11_vengeance
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    Re: IRAQ............

    Post by Taha_11_vengeance on Sun Jun 01, 2008 6:16 pm

    ههههههههههههههه اكيد بس السنة
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    Re: IRAQ............

    Post by moderator_vengeance on Sun Jun 29, 2008 12:58 am


    ASSALAAM ALAIKUM ALL!!!!
    Hi anas~love!!! Good work.... Visit "Miscellanious Info" and "about coutries-IRAQ" .








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    Taha_11_vengeance
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    Re: IRAQ............

    Post by Taha_11_vengeance on Mon Jun 30, 2008 12:32 am

    W.SALAM BRO MODERATOR Smile
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    anas~love
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    Re: IRAQ............

    Post by anas~love on Sun Jul 13, 2008 3:33 pm

    alekm alslam bro moderator thanx for you I love you


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